The Pomeranian is a small toy sized dog. The head is wedge-shaped and in proportion with the body. The short muzzle is straight and fine. The color of the nose varies with coat color. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The almond shaped eyes are dark and medium in size. The small, erect ears are set high. The feathered tail lies straight and flat over the back. The Pom has a thick, double coat. The outer coat is long straight, and harsh in texture while the undercoat is soft, thick and short. The coat is longer around the neck and chest area. Comes in a variety of coat colors and patterns including red, orange, white, cream, blue, brown, black, black and tan, wolf sable, orange sable, brindle and parti-color, which is white with colored markings.
Height: 7-12 inches
Weight: 3-7 pounds
The Pomeranian is good for apartment living. They are very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. Be careful they do not overheat in hot weather.
The normal body temperature of a dog is 101.5º F. When a dog becomes too warm it sticks out its tongue and pants.
Outdoor dogs need shelter from the cold, rain, and sun. Indoor dogs must be taken outside regularly for elimination.
Proper feeding is vital to your dog. A Pomeranian can become overweight if care is not taken concerning their diet. Overweight dogs can have health problems, just as humans can. A Pomeranian can get Diabetes, and have strain put on their joints and ligaments if their diet is not controlled.
Pomeranians burn calories at a faster rate than some other breeds , especially when they are puppies. But as they mature, needs change for dog food and/or more exercise.
When you first bring home a puppy, it is very important that no matter which brand of dog food a breeder was using or if that breeder was home cooking (most do not because good breeders have 7-10 adult Poms + puppies and Puppy Mill type breeders have anywhere from 15-50) that you make a slow change over to the food that you wish to give to your Pomeranian.
Since Pom pups are so tiny, a fast change is not healthy. However, you are going to want to get your Pom onto the food that you choose. It is recommended to choose your method of manufactured food or homemade food and slowly yet steadily make a switch. You can be this the following way:
Week 1: Take out 1/4 of their "normal" food and replace it with 1/4 of the food you want your Pom to eat
Week 2: Take out 1/3 of their "normal" food and replace it with 1/3 of the food you want your Pom to eat
Week 3: Take out 1/2 of their "normal" food and replace it with 1/2 of the food you want your Pom to eat
Week 4: Take out 3/4 of their "normal" food and replace it with 3/4 of the food you want your Pom to eat
Week 5: You can now have your puppy on the food that you have chosen as to meet their nutritional needs
Puppies should be feed three times a day. They should have plenty of fresh drinking water.
Feeding begins with offering the best of food. There is advice everywhere you look regarding the need to give your dog a high quality dog food. It is very important to never buy the cheap dog food that you find in the super market. The higher quality food will have less filler and therefore provide the better amount of calories, vitamins and protein. The less expensive the dog food, the more possibly overweight and unhealthy your Pomeranian will be. Depending on the brand, It could also bring down your dog's immune system, causing your Pom to become ill more often. Without a healthy body inside and out, your Pomeranian will not be very strong at fighting off illness. A dog's digestive tract is designed to process large quantities of proteins, not carbohydrates...and certainly not fillers.
It is suggested to feed your Pomeranian mostly dry dog food with a bit of wet dog food mixed into the menu. Eating only wet dog food may affect the bowels.
Everyone began worrying when studies announced that a high protein diets for dogs was dangerous. However, those studies were done on rats. These studies are not related to dogs at all. Your Pomeranian's diet should consist of about 40% or more protein. Meat should be the main ingredient of meals.
Senior dogs (after the age of 7) should be put on a diet a bit lower in protein.
Portion control is a must. While some say that a dog will eat endlessly until a human stops them, some Poms will be very picky eaters and you want to make sure that while your dog does not eat too much, he is also eating enough. The amount of dog food and the feeding times will vary depending on the age of your dog and activity level.
A good rule of thumb is that you should only leave out the dog food for 15-20 minutes. If your dog doesn’t eat it in that time, pick it up and put it away.
While the exact quantity may have to be adjusted according to specific needs, there are certain guidelines for Pomeranians and feeding:
Growing puppies need more food than adults. Each pup is different, however on average:
A 1 lb. puppy needs approximately 1/2 cup of food
A 3 lb. puppy needs approximately 1 cup of food per day
A 5 lb. puppy needs approximately 1- 1/4 cups per day
A 6 lb. puppy needs approximately 2 cups per day
Amounts will go up as the puppy is going through growth spurts...and then go down as the body has matured and reached its top growth point.
This is distributed throughout 3 to 4 meals up to the age of 6 months. A Pomeranian puppy's stomach is very small so meals must be very small as well. Remember - each dog is unique in:
For this reason, you need to use common sense when feeding. You can use the above as a guidelines; however if your Pom walks away from the bowl after 5 minutes, this means he or she is full. (If a pup or dog loses weight from a decreased appetite, this is a symptom of a medical issue). If your Pom eats what you give to them within 10 minutes and looks to you for more, give another 1/4 cup.
Once a Pomeranian is 6 months old, you can work your way down from 4 meals to 3 meals or from 3 meals to 2 meals.
By 2 years old, your little, tiny Pomeranian is considered an adult dog and will need to eat less. Adult dogs can usually eat just one meal per day. Some owners do choose to feed 2 meals: this does not mean double the food! This means the food, divided into 2 smaller meals. Do keep in mind that if you feed your Pom a breakfast in the morning, he or she will need to eliminate soon afterward. This is one of the reasons that feeding 1 larger dinner time meal is usually done.
In addition to the dry dog food, a small amount of canned wet dog food can be added. A full & complete dog food supplement (vitamins & minerals) is recommended whether you home cook or buy manufactured dog food.
Snacks can be given at any age. Dog treats and chews should be reserved for rewarding good behavior. In this way, training will be easier. If a dog is given snacks and chews all the time, they will lose important meaning when you are attempting to train your Pom.
Pomeranians live to be about 15 years old.
The Pomeranian is a proud, lively little dog. Intelligent, eager to learn, very loyal to its handler and family. The Pom is a wonderful companion and showdog. The breed's docile temper and affectionate nature endear it to many. They are alert, inquisitive and active: one of the most independent of the Toy breeds, they need a firm, gentle hand. Its liveliness and spirit make it well-liked by people who do not usually care for toy dogs. They may be picky eaters. Poms make good little watch dogs. Poms have a delightful nature and do not cling to their handlers. This happy pup is good at learning tricks.
Poms need a daily walk. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk. Dogs who do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. They will also enjoy a good safe open area off lead, such as a large fenced in yard.
The Pomeranian's very long, double coat should be brushed frequently. If you work from the head, parting the coat and brushing it forward, it will fall neatly back in place, so the task, although time-consuming, is relatively easy. The cottony undercoat is shed once or twice a year. Dry shampoo when necessary. Clean the eyes and ears daily and take the dog for regular dental checkups. The Pomeranian is a constant shedder.
Dogs mature by six months old. The smaller breeds usually mature before the larger breeds. Female dogs have a period of six to twelve days approximately twice a year when they are ready to mate. This is known as the season of heat. Puppies are born sixty-three days later. An average litter has three to six puppies.
Puppies are born helpless. They are blind and can not stand. They sleep ninety percent of the day and the other ten percent is spent nursing. Their eyes open about 13 to 15 days after birth. Between 4 to 10 weeks the puppies become attached to their mother and siblings. Puppies should not be separated from their mothers until they are eight weeks old.
When a puppy is six months old it should be spayed or neutered if it is a non breeding dog.
New puppies should be taken to a veterinarian for a physical examination and to be given vaccinations. These include immunizations for:
distemper - viral disease that damages the liver
leptospirosis - bacterial disease that damages the liver
hepatitis - viral disease that damages the liver
parvovirus - harms the intestinal tract
parainfluenza - causes respiratory
rabies - attacks the nervous system
Lyme disease - bacterial infection that is transmitted by parasitic deer ticks
kennel cough - respiratory disease
coronavirus - targets the intestinal tract
roundworms - intestinal parasites
heartworm - damages heart tissue
One of the most interesting Pomeranian facts is that it is possible for a Pom dam (mother) to have twins. Because Pomeranian twins can be (and generally are) completely different colors, usually only the person who is present at the delivery would know that the puppies were twins. How can one know? When the puppies are born, each is enclosed in their own individual sacs; however they share 1 umbilical cord.
The Pomeranian is one of the most popular dogs in the world. Their nickname is “Pom” and they are often referred to as “balls of fluff”.
When the Titanic sank in 1912, due to the lack of lifeboats 1,517 of the 2,223 passengers did not survive. However, a Pomerania survived! The dog belonged to a woman named Miss Margaret Hays and was saved by being allowed into lifeboat #7.
It was in the year 1900 that this dog breed was recognized by the AKC and the very first dog show in the U.S. that included a Pom was in 1911.
The average cost of a purebred AKC Pom puppy is between $750 and $1200.
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BACKGROUND/GRAPHICS BY: ANIMALS M-Y-D-S